ANTHROPOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Anthropology

* derived from the Greek words anthropus meaning " man”, " human” and logus, which means study 5. the study of the human race

* the science that snacks of the origins, development (physical, intellectual, meaning, etc . ) and especially the cultural development, customs, values, etc, of man. * the science of man wonderful work (Herskovitz)

* the scientific study of physical, sociable, and social development and behavior of human beings seeing that their appearance in the world. (Jacobs and Stem) * the study of mankind, everywhere, through time, looks for to produce beneficial generalization regarding people and the behavior and to arrive at the fullest likely understanding of human being diversity * the study of humankind, in all times and places

The Self-control of Anthropology

Anthropology is customarily divided into four fields: physical anthropology and the three limbs of ethnic anthropology, that are archeology, linguistics anthropology, and ethnology. The sub-fields of anthropology will be shown listed below.

Anthropology

* physical anthropology – concerned generally with human beings as neurological organism 5. cultural anthropology – relates to humans because cultural pets; the subset of anthropology that focuses on man behavior * archeology – studies materials remains, generally in order to explain and explain human patterns * linguistic anthropology – studies man language

* ethnology or social anthropology – studies nationalities from the historical point of view.

Relation of Anthropology to other Savoir

Physical anthropology relates to the natural sciences – anatomy, embryology, physiology, and genetics. Social anthropology relates to sociology, psychology, geography, economics, and personal science; is usually likewise linked to the humanistic disciplines, including history, literary works, art, and music.

Practical Application of Anthropology

* reduces ethnocentrism by instilling appreciation of other nationalities * contributes to our knowledge of human beings

* really helps to avoid misconceptions between individuals

CULTURE

What is Culture?

* the sum total of what gentleman has learned in living together 2. shared items of individual learning

5. a complex complete which includes expertise, beliefs, skill, law, honnete, customs, and any other capabilities and patterns acquired simply by man as a member of contemporary society. * a social historical past, transmitted and shared from a single generation to a different * a " standard for choosing what is, what can be, how one sees it, how to go about performing it” 2. a fabric of ideas, duties, skills, beliefs, tools, artistic objects, strategies of thinking, persuits, and establishments into which in turn each member of society comes into the world. * a certain stage of civilization of any nation or period, just like Greek culture, the final amount of ways of living created by a selection of human beings and transmitted from a single generation. * historically created designs pertaining to living explicit and implied, rational, irrational, and nonrational, which is present at any given time as potential courses for behavior. * ways people discovered to live together; behavior discovered as a result of living in groups which usually tend to always be patterned and to be sent from technology to generation. * Environmental surroundings man has turned consisting of artifacts, ideas, language, attitudes, values, customs, etc ., existing in a particular some place.

Classification of Culture

5. Static or dynamic – static when it emphasizes ethnical transmission, e. g. precisely the same culture is usually passed on from generation to generation; dynamic, when it emphasizes change, elizabeth. g. that goes revision with every generation. * Stable or unstable – stable when ever folkways and mores happen to be satisfying, fresh elements and traits are incorporate easily and without discord; unstable, when the group does not have fulfilling solutions to the majority of its concerns and issue exists involving the...

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