Statistics is the study of the gathering, organization, examination, interpretation, and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of this, including the planning of data collection with regards to the design of surveys and experiments.
The word statistics, when talking about the clinical discipline, is singular, as with " Statistics is a form of art. " This should not end up being confused with the word statistic, mentioning a quantity (such as mean or median) calculated from some data, whose plural is statistics (" this statistic seems wrong" or " these stats are misleading" ).
several Aspects of Stats -
~Descriptive statistics -- Presenting and visualizing data
~Inferential figures -Generalizing via samples to populations & Quantifying the extent where observations could be generalized. ~Hypothesis Testing - Quantifying the extent that experiments support stated hypothesis.
Levels of measurements - You will discover four main levels of measurement used in stats: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio. Each of these has diverse degrees of effectiveness in statistical research. Ratio measurements have both equally a important zero value and the distances between diverse measurements identified; they provide the greatest flexibility in statistical strategies that can be used to get analyzing your data. Interval measurements have significant distances between measurements described, but the zero value is definitely arbitrary (as in the case with longitude and temperature measurements in Celsius or Fahrenheit). Ordinal measurements have imprecise variations between progressive, gradual values, but have a significant order to individuals values. Nominal measurements have zero meaningful get ranking order between values.
Since variables contouring only to nominal or ordinal measurements cannot be reasonably assessed numerically, occasionally they are grouped together as categorical variables, while ratio and interval measurements are assembled together as quantitative variables, that can be...